Ethiopia is a land of wonder and enchantment, a country with one of the richest histories on the African continent, a land of contrasts and surprises, of remote and wild places, home to cultured and friendly people who are descended from some of the world’s oldest civilizations.
This is the land of the fabled Queen of Sheba, home of the Ark of the Covenant, the birthplace of coffee. ‘Lucy: the world’s oldest known almost-complete hominid skeleton, more than three million years old, was discovered here.
Ethiopia has so much to offer visitors: the Historic Route, covering the ancient town of Axum, with its amazing carved obelisks, Christian festivals and relics, including the Ark of the Covenant; Gondar, with its castles and palaces; Lalibela, with its remarkable rock-hewn churches; Negash, one of the earliest holy Muslim centres from the Prophet Muhammad Era with the Negash Amedin Mesgid; the walled Muslim city of Harar and Lega Oda, near Dire Dawa where you can see cave paintings considered to be thousands of years old.
Lake Tana, source of the Blue Nile, is the largest lake with 37 islands and the Monasteries like Kibran Gebriel and Kidanemhiret dating back to 14th century. The Great Rift Valley lakes, many with national parks, is home to a wealth of bird and animal life. The high, rugged, Simien Mountains in the north and the Bale mountains in the southeast are also home to some unique wildlife and rich flora, and are ideal for trekking, whilst some of Ethiopia’s fast-flowmg rivers are becoming famous for white-water rafting.
There are eleven national parks and four sanctuaries where 277 species of wildlife and more than 850 species of birds can be seen. The Simien Mountains National Park is registered by UNESCO as a world heritage site and is home to three of the endemic mammals, Walia Ibex, Gelada Baboon and Abyssinian Wolf. Ras Dashen, the fourth highest peak in Africa with an altitude of 4,620 metres, is also located within the National Park.
Other National Parks include Bale Mountains and Abijatta-Shalla in Oromia, Nech Sar, Mago and Omo National Parks in the south and Yangudi Rasa in Afar, Gambella National park in Gambella, as well as Awash in both Oromia and Afar Regions.
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia’s friendly and safe capital city, has so much to offer, too, with its first-class hotels and restaurants, museums and palaces, and good shopping, which includes the Mercato – Africa’s largest open-air market.
Ethiopia is a mosaic of people with more than 80 languages, different lifestyles, costumes and cultural dances. People’s livelihoods vary from pastoralists and farmers to factory workers, business people and academics.
Ethiopia has been called ‘the land of a thousand smiles’. Visit us and you can be sure of a great welcome, a memorable holiday, and the experience of a lifetime.
Do you Know?
- Ethiopia is the cradle of human kind
- Coffee is Ethiopia’s gift to the rest of the world
- Ethiopia has its own Alphabet, Numeric and Calendar
- Ethiopia has never colonized
- Ethiopia is the second country to accept Christianity as official religion
- Ethiopia has 9 UNESCO registered world heritage sites
- Ethiopia is mentioned many times both in the holy Bible and holy Qur’an
- Ethiopia is the land of the great long distance runners
- Ethiopians are the pioneers to use a tool before 2.8 million years ago
- Ethiopia is the fourth largest biodiversity zone in the world
- Where the original Ark of the Covenant is found
- More than 70% of Africa’s maintains found in Ethiopia
- The source of the great blue Nile river which contribute 85% of the Nile river
- Preserves the piece of true cross on which Jesus Christ is believed to have been crucified
- The Great Rift Valley which is the only geographical feature of planet earth visible from the moon, cuts Ethiopia in to two crossing the country from top to bottom
- The single tallest monument ever erected by humanity in the BC is found (Axum)
- Ert’ale is one of the few places on planet earth where one can see active, live, continued and dramatic volcanic eruption
- Has more unique species of flora than any other country in Africa
- The sun dictates the Ethiopian time, when you get up early in the morning you start by counting one and you end up at twelve when the day ends, and start counting again from one when the night begins and end at twelve o’clock just before the sun rises in the morning. The Ethiopian midday and midnight is six o’clock.
- Is the only country in the world that prophet Mohamed declared to be free from jihad
- Magma Blob Beneath Afar Rift In Ethiopia Puzzles Scientists (jtm71.wordpress.com)
The two major tributaries of the Nile River are the Blue Nile and White Nile. The striking difference between them is their color. The Blue Nile, which begins in the mountains of Ethiopia, starts off with a bright blue color. As it passes through Sudan, however, it picks up black sediment that gives it a darker hue. The White Nile, which begins in the forests of Rwanda and flows through Lake Victoria, is a whitish-gray color, due to the light gray sediment it carries. Although the White Nile is longer than the Blue Nile, the Blue Nile carries around two-thirds of the Nile’s water supply. The two Nile tributaries join together near the city of Khartoum, and when the Nile River reaches Egypt, it divides into two branches, known as the Damietta on the right and the Rosetta on the left, which empty into the Mediterranean Sea.